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The eWBL Framework

Exploring the challenges met and the alternatives found by WBL providers across Europe in their shift from WBL to eWBL.

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The aim of this document is to provide a comprehensive and practical framework on how to design and implement a high-quality eWBL programme, both in higher education institutions (HEIs) and in companies.


The framework is based on an extensive literature review and 27 case studies designed in the first stage of the Erasmus+ eWBL Project.

The primary target audience for this document is work-based learning (WBL) trainers in HEIs and in companies who are currently or will (inevitably) face challenges associated with transitioning a number of internship positions from face-to-face do virtual settings. The document covers the different dimensions of eWBL, including design, implementation, assessment and quality assurance. 

This document is structured as follows. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to eWBL, highlighting its benefits, main challenges, and the aim of our framework. In Chapter 2, we provide an overview of the recent literature in eWBL and present the research gap, namely, why do we need a framework for eWBL. Chapter 3 presents the methods we use to design our framework, while chapter 4 describes the results; a five stage framework comprised of design, preparation, onboarding, delivery and assessment. Chapter 4 also introduces a system for quality assurance (QA). Finally, chapter 5 offers an overview of the findings, and chapter 6 describes the limitations and future research opportunities.

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